Introduction the president and vice president of the united states are chosen indirectly by a group of persons elected by america's voters these officials are known as electors, and the institution is referred to collectively as the electoral college article ii, section 1 of the constitution (1787), as modified by. The electoral college introduction the president of the united states is elected every four years, and a president may serve a maximum of two terms of office— for a total of eight years—if re-elected after the first term of office the vice president of the united states is elected alongside the president, and a vice presidential. Introduction we elect the president of the united states in a unique and bizarre way votes are not cast for the candidate but rather for electors pledged to a candidate several weeks after the voters have had their say—on the tuesday after the first monday in november1—the electors meet in all fifty states and the. Electoral college electors in new york, pennsylvania, and michigan cast their votes for the next president and vice president of the united states. The electoral college by jared demarinis director of candidacy and campaign finance maryland state board of elections introduction historical background: maryland played a pivotal role in the formation of the united states and its government maryland was pivotal to the events leading up to the creation of the. Division of the humanities and social sciences, california institute of technology , pasadena ca, usa 1 introduction every election seems to rekindle interest in possible reform of the unique electoral college system used to elect the us president under the electoral college each state receives an electoral vote for. While the electoral col- lege is not a flawless system, it has passed many difficult tests during the 56 presidential elec- tions in which it has been used this united states election assistance commission white paper explains the origins of the elec- toral college, and the ways in which it has changed since its introduction. The electoral college is important because it reflects the will of the states introduction electoral vs popular vote the new york times hillary clinton's growing lead over donald j trump is now over 1 million votes, making this the second time a president has been elected without a popular majority.
She has taught and written various introductory law courses the electoral college is an indirect system for electing the united states president using electoral college votes its goal in other words, the presidential candidate with the most national popular votes in that state wins all of that state's electoral college votes. Introduction imagine a presidential election night the television announcer appears on the screen beside the announcer is the familiar map of the united states but inside the outline, there are no states there is just a running vote total for the candidates that managed to garner the most favorable national name. An introduction to the electoral college the statutory system in the united states the electoral college is the statutory system in the united states for the election of the president and the vice president in 1787 at the constitutional convention in philadelphia, pennsylvania, the constitution of the united states was created. Introduction, levels of election presidential election basics specifics about the electoral college critisism at the electoral college procedure nomination of presidential candidates election day final election of the president congressional elections basics.
During the drafting of the constitution, the small states (rhode island, delaware) were worried that they would be run over by the big states (virginia, new york) the big states wanted representation strictly according to population (the virginia plan) and the small states wanted representation strictly by state (the new jersey. The citizens of the united states do not elect their president directly when americans cast their vote for a presidential candidate, they are really voting for an elector — a delegate pledged to vote for that same candidate there are 538 such electors chosen in every presidential election as a group they are known as the.
Donald trump's election as president of the united states last week marks the second time in 16 years that the winner of the electoral college did not receive the most votes overall naturally, many democrats and independents staunchly opposed to trump took to social media to denounce the electoral. To win, a presidential candidate must have a majority in the electoral college before adoption of the twelfth amendment (1804), in the event that no candidate had a majority, the house of representatives (voting by states, with one vote for each state) was to choose the president from among the five candidates highest on.
America's unique presidential election system is often misunderstood-and perhaps especially hard to explain to our children we elect a president: the story of our electoral college will help you and your family discover more about the electoral college and its remarkable history why was it created in the first place. Introduction the electoral-college-based system of electing a president is traditionally considered by political pundits as an election system supporting the existing two-party political system in the us despite all well-known drawbacks of the electoral college, american society seems to go along with this election. Of the 130 million who did vote, 478% supported hillary clinton, 473% backed donald trump but this narrow win in the popular vote means little in the us system it is electoral college votes that matter, and trump won 306 to clinton's 232, a clear 36 over the threshold the bigger the states, the greater the number of.
The electoral college is the united states' archaic process of electing presidents it was established in the constitution as a compromise between election by congress and election by popular vote each state is given a specific number of electors based on the number of its us representatives and senators (nara. The presidential/vice presidential pair who wins the popular vote in any given state receives all of the state's electoral college votes in the end, the winner of the race is the candidate who receives a majority (270 or more) of the 538 electoral college votes the results of the election aren't official until the president of the. A third idea was to have the president elected by a direct popular vote direct election was rejected not because the framers of the constitution doubted public intelligence but rather because they feared that without sufficient information about candidates from outside their state, people would naturally vote for a favorite.
Ending debate came either from southern senators or from senators from states with eight or fewer electoral votes in march, 1977 president carter in- troduced a four-part electoral reform package, one part of which called for the direct election of the president on september 1 5, 1977, carter's proposal was passed by the. However, for various reasons, such as a desire to reduce the influence of the state or the laity in ecclesiastical matters, electoral power became restricted to the clergy and, in the case of the church in the west, exclusively to a college of the canons of the cathedral church in the pope's case, the system of people and clergy. Did you know that voters in the united states don't vote for the president people actually vote for a group of electors when they go to the polls on election day these electors have pledged to support a party's nominee for president in many states the ballot lists only the names of the nominees and not the names of the. In recent years, publius has published a significant number of articles examining the relationship between federalism and electoral politics in the united states this virtual issue highlights eight of those articles falling into four broad themes: the electoral college, election reform, the interaction between federalism and.